- Presumption of innocence until proven guilty beyond any reasonable doubt.
- Justice seen to be done - accusation of law breaking must stand up in court.
- Evidence based - so the right to have evidence tested in front of a jury.
In England there are six Crown Courts, with two presiding judges; their key functions are to try indictable crimes which are sent from the Magistrates court, cases sent for sentences which cannot be administered in a lower court and to hear appeals.
- Magistrates Court - deals with family matters/disputes such as divorce, child benefit.
- Most court cases are protected by the human rights act which allows us and anybody else the freedom to sit in; the exceptions are adoption cases, family matters and official secrets.
- Anything that will cause a prejudice opinion in court is considered contempt.
- reporting opinions expressed by jurors.
- anything that interferes with course of justice.
- any breach of a court order.